As I am reading through the book The Case for Covenantal Infant Baptism, I want to take time to mention some of the important concepts that I come across chapter-by-chapter. I won’t take the time to develop the full ideas of each point, rather I want to just mention some elements in passing that I could use to reference later and that my readers could use to further study the doctrine. The following notes come from Chapter 1 of the book entitled “A Pastoral Overview of Infant Baptism” by Bryan Chapell
1. The Lord promised Abraham an everlasting covenant before he could qualify for the blessings therein. It was a decree, sovereignly administered by God to Abraham. The promises come to Abraham through faith and it is this same faith that includes us today as believers in this very covenant. Believers are blessed in accordance to God’s promise to Abraham. If you are a child of God, then you are included in Abraham’s covenant.
2. Physical circumcision pointed toward spiritual circumcision.
3. The household principle is seen throughout the Old Testament. The idea of the head of the household being the representation of that household makes sense when considering that women were not excluded from the covenant though they themselves were not circumcised in the flesh. By virtue of their household head, they were included in the covenant community.
4. The sacramental seal was/is the visible pledge of God that when the conditions of his covenant are were met, then the blessing which he had promised would apply.
5. Nowhere in Scripture is the Abrahamic covenant annulled. The covenant remains to this day since it is an everlasting covenant. The covenant remains, but the sign changes from circumcision to baptism to reflect what God has done to maintain his promises